Geographical Methods 1

Module Title: Geographical Methods 1
Subject Semester: 1st semester
Cycle Start: Winter Semester (WS)
Language of Instruction: German
Credit Points:

Cartography: 4 CP

Geostatistic: 5 CP

Introduction to Scientific Work including Field Trip: 6 CP


a) Introduction in Scientific Work including Field Trip
The seminar deals with the general basics of geography as an applied spatial science and introduces the structure, methodology and working methods of the subject; field days are part of this content framework. Basic literature is introduced and the technique of bibliography is taught.

b) Lecture Cartography
The aim of the lecture is an introduction to cartography. The content of the lecture consists of the theoretical basics and guidelines for the design of maps, the geometrical and geophysical basics, map projection theory and the topographical map series in Germany as well as the ATKIS system. The use of geographic information systems and the importance of remote sensing data in cartography are dealt with in an introductory way.

c) Lecture Geostatistics:
The lecture shows how methods of mathematical statistics are applied in quantitative spatial analyses. It covers the preparation and interpretation of geographically relevant data using descriptive statistics, methods of collecting and assessing samples, the application of probability theory to geographical questions, test and estimation statistics, and regression and correlation analysis.

Learning objectives:

The aim of the module is to provide students with a general introduction to quantitative working methods in geography. After completing this module, students should have acquired the ability to recognise simple tasks from the overall discipline of geography in a spatial context and to evaluate them statistically.

Furthermore, it is an aim of the module to impart initial knowledge in presentation techniques, methods of time management and scientific writing.

The introductory seminar in scientific work focuses on basic geographical working methods of the individual sub-disciplines as well as geography as a whole. The accompanying field days serve the purpose of guiding the students to closely observe the questions concerning the specific space and thus promote the development of professional judgement.

The lecture cartography introduces the science and technology of the representation of geographical facts in space. The different forms of representation are considered in a problem-oriented way and the students are finally able to visualise and interpret complex problems spatially.

In the introductory lecture Geostatistics, the focus is on conveying basic knowledge of statistics.


For course participation:

no prerequisite

for admission to the module examination

regular and active participation in the seminar
the successful writing of a report on the field practical.



Module examination on the examinations Geostatistics and Cartography


Term paper

Field Practicum:



Module exam

The module grade is weighted according to the CP distribution.


Borsdorf, A. (1999): Geographisch denken und wissenschaftlich arbeiten: eine Einführung in die Geographie und in Studientechniken. 1st ed., Klett-Perthes, Gotha Stuttgart.

Haggett, P. (2001): Geography: A Modern Synthesis. New York.

Leser, H. and R. Schneider-Sliwa (1999): Geography - an introduction. Westermann, Brunswick.

Kohlstock, P. (2004): Cartography. Verlag Schöningh UTB, Paderborn.

Hake, G. ; Grünreich, D. and Meng, L. (2002): Kartographie. Visualisation of spatiotemporal information. W. de Gruyter., Berlin, New York.